Saturday, December 28, 2019

Definition and Examples of Editors

An editor is an individual who oversees the preparation of a text for newspapers, magazines, scholarly journals, and books. The term editor may also refer to an individual who assists an author in copyediting a text. Editor Chris King describes her work as invisible mending. An editor, she says, is  like a ghost, in that her handiwork should never be apparent (Ghosting and Co-Writing in  The Ultimate Writing Coach, 2010).   Examples and Observations A good editor understands what youre talking and writing about and doesnt meddle too much.(Irwin Shaw)The worst editor of an authors writings is himself.(William Hone)Every writer needs at least one editor; most of us need two.(Donald Murray) Kinds of EditorsThere are many kinds of editors, related but not the same: journal editors; series editors; those who work with newspapers, magazines, films, as well as with books. The two kinds that concern us in scholarly publishing are editors and copyeditors. Unfortunately, the first term is commonly used for both, the cause--or rather the result--of a confusion in thinking. . . .To define and oversimplify . . . the editors mind sees the entire manuscript, grasps the thinking behind it, clear or not clear, is trained to judge its intellectual quality and relation to other work, can spot a chapter or a section or even a paragraph that has gone awry, and can tell the author where to fix it and sometimes how. But this kind of mind is often impatient with lesser matters, does not relish the painstaking, and often painful, work of detailed correction.(August Frugà ©, A Skeptic Among Scholars. University of California Press, 1993) A Sense of HierarchyEditors need a hierarchical sense of a manuscript, a book, or article. They need to see its structure, its totality, before they become involved in minutiae. A writer should be on the alert when an editor starts by fixing commas or suggesting little cuts when the real problem resides at the level of organization or strategy or point of view. Most problems in writing are structural, even on the scale of the page. . . .A sense of hierarchy is all the more necessary in editing because writers, too, want to concentrate on the little things. . . . To take your pencil to a manuscript is to endorse it, to say it just needs some fixes, when in fact it is just as likely to need rethinking altogether. I want to say and sometimes do say, Well, lets see if its ready to be marked up.(Richard Todd in Good Prose: The Art of Nonfiction by Tracy Kidder and Richard Todd (Random House, 2013) Roles of an EditorEditors in publishing houses can be perceived as basically performing three different roles, all of them simultaneously. First, they must find and select the books the house is to publish. Second, they edit . . .. And third, they perform the Janus-like function of representing the house to the author and the author to the house.(Alan D. Williams, What Is an Editor? Editors on Editing, ed. by Gerald Gross. Grove, 1993) An Editors LimitsA writers best work comes entirely from himself. The [editing] process is so simple. If you have a Mark Twain, dont try to make him into a Shakespeare or make a Shakespeare into a Mark Twain. Because in the end an editor can get only as much out of an author as the author has in him.(Maxwell Perkins, quoted by A. Scott Berg in Max Perkins: Editor of Genius. Riverhead, 1978) Heywood Broun on the Editorial MindThe editorial mind, so called, is afflicted with the King Cole complex. Types subject to this delusion are apt to believe that all they need do to get a thing is to call for it. You may remember that King Cole called for his bowl just as if there were no such thing as a Volstead amendment. What we want is humor, says an editor, and he expects the unfortunate author to trot around the corner and come back with a quart of quips.An editor would classify What we want is humor as a piece of cooperation on his part. It seems to him a perfect division of labor. After all, nothing remains for the author to do except to write.(Heywood Broun, Are Editors People? Pieces of Hate and Other Enthusiasms. Charles H. Doran, 1922)

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Notes On Chinua Achebe s Things Fall Apart - 1530 Words

Lynzley Kolakowski Things Fall Apart Characterization Notes Okonkwo: Actions: â€Å"Well-known throughout the nine villages and beyond† (1). â€Å"As a young man of eighteen he had brought honor to his village by throwing Amalinze the Cat† (1). â€Å"He was still young but he had won fame as the greatest wrestler of the nine villages† (8) â€Å"And when she returned he beat her very heavily. In his anger he had forgotten that is was the Week of Peace† (29). â€Å"She was Okonkwo’s second wife, Ekwefi, whon he nearly shot† (39). â€Å"Dazed with fear, Okonkwo drew his machete and cut him down† (61). â€Å"Gone with his machete to the shrine† (112). â€Å"Okonkwo’s gun had exploded and a piece of iron had pierced the boy’s heart† (124). â€Å"In a flash Okonkwo drew his machete. The messenger crouched to avoid the blow. It was useless. Okonkwo’s machete descended twice and the man’s head lay beside his uniformed body† (204). â€Å"Then they came to the tree from which Okonkwo’s body was dangling, and they stopped dead† (207). What others say: â€Å"His wives, especially the youngest, lived in perpetual fear of his firey temper, and so did his little children† (13). He was talking about Okonkwo, who had risen so suddenly from great poverty and misfortune to be one of the lords of the clan† (26). â€Å"That boy calls you father. Do not bear a hand in his death† (57). â€Å"If I were you I would have stayed home. What you have done will not please the Earth. It is the kind of action for which the goddess wipes out whole families...But if theShow MoreRelatedChinua Achebe : The Invention And Mastery Of Modern African Literature1695 Words   |  7 Pages In her essay Chinua Achebe: The Invention and Mastery of Modern African Literature Emeka Aniagolu labels Chinua Achebe as â€Å"the single most important literary figure in modern African literature† (1). Aniagolu goes on to praise Achebe as â€Å"perhaps the most well-known, most widely read, most translated, and most widely respected modern African writer, novelist and polemical essayist†, especially considering he as been crowned as the inventor of modern African literature (1). The praise he has receivedRead MoreChinua Achebe : The Invention And Mastery Of Modern African Literature1595 Words   |  7 PagesColleen ODonnell ENG 290 Professor Mann 7 December 2015 TITLE In her essay Chinua Achebe: The Invention and Mastery of Modern African Literature Emeka Aniagolu labels Chinua Achebe as â€Å"the single most important literary figure in modern African literature† (1). Aniagolu goes on to praise Achebe as â€Å"perhaps the most well-known, most widely read, most translated, and most widely respected modern African writer, novelist and polemical essayist†, especially considering he as been crowned as the inventorRead MoreThings Fall Apart By Chinua Achebe1265 Words   |  6 PagesThings Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is markedly relevant to our current course of studies in World History, as it tells a story based on European Imperialism in Africa. Coming off the heels of our Imperialism unit, this post-colonial novel provides very helpful context on different civilizations’ perspectives throughout the Age of Imperialism; aside from analyzing death tolls, descriptions of conflicts, and names of countries, it was previously hard t o envision what life was actually like during thatRead MoreChinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart Essay1736 Words   |  7 PagesThe classic African literary tale Things Fall Apart, written by Chinua Achebe, is a brilliant account of historical African culture and the destruction colonialism can cause upon such cultures. As the reader follows the narrative and complexity of the characters through the novel, a sense of pride, trust, and faith in history emerges. Yet, with the introduction of colonialism the characters must learn to embrace and adapt to a new culture and set of beliefs or face termination from society. TheRead MoreWhat Drives a Man1606 Words   |  7 PagesThis, in itself, is a culture bound question because it can vary from culture to culture. However, in the perception of Okonkwo, the main character in Chinua Achebe s novel, Things Fall Apart, the measure of a man s success is based on two elements, material acquisition and growth, and physical prowess. This is ironic for Okonkwo since his people s typical idea of success seems to be constructed of a complex, strong spiritual culture, seemingly able to deal in traditional ways with any challengeRead MoreImperialism: Good or Evil?1677 Words   |  7 PagesThings Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, and Heart of Darkness by Joesph Conrad both analyze the imperialism of Africa in the late 1890’s to mid-1900’s. Things Fall Apart focuses on the native’s perspective, painting a negative picture of the Europeans. Heart of Darkness is from the European’s point of view, and depicts the natives as â€Å"savages†. Chinua Achebe wrote Things Fall Apart as a reaction novel to Heart of Darkness, as he felt that Conrad gave an inaccurate account of the African culture. BothRead MoreThings Fall Apart and Universal Appeal951 Words   |  4 PagesThings Fall Apart-Universal Appeal Confronted with a global conscious filled with hazy, negative conception of the African reality, appalled with such one sided works as Heart of Darkness and Mr. Johnson, Chinua Achebe determined in 1958 to inform the outside world about Ibo cultural traditions1. One can appreciate then, Achebe s inclusion of universal themes and concepts in is novel as a means of bridging the cultural gap with his audience and reiterating that Africans are in the end, humanRead MoreThings Fall Apart By Chinua Achebe Essay1851 Words   |  8 Pageschoice and styles are critical not only to the reader’s understanding of the text but to his appreciation as well. How language is effectively manipulated in their writings enhances the reader’s valuing of the works. The selected novel Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe is a representation of Igbo culture and their language. It explores the life of an Igbo tribe at the time of when colonization hit Africa. It could be considered as a post-colo nial text, as the protagonist of the story and the otherRead MoreChinua Achebe s Things Fall Apart1014 Words   |  5 Pages In the novel Things Fall Apart, written by Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe, we are taken on a literary life expedition of a man, named Okonkwo who is a respected warrior in his tribe of Umuofia –a Igbo (formerly known as Ibo not Igbo) tribe of Nigeria-- a hard worker on his farm and any work to be done in general, a husband of three wives and father to many children. Being the son of a man who died, depicted as inwardly womanly, cowardly (fearing blood and fighting) known for loving music and idleRead MoreNigeria s Capital City1598 Words   |  7 PagesWhat are the farthest northern, western, eastern, and southern points in Nigeria as described in absolute terms? (4 absolute locations [estimate to nearest degree], 2 coordinates each) Find and note the same for the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Estimate to the nearest degree using a map.) Nigeria: Democratic Republic Congo Northern: 16 degrees East; 12 degrees North Northern: 15 degrees East; 5 degrees North Western: 5 degrees East; 5 degrees North Western: 30 degrees East; 15

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

No Escape Essay Example For Students

No Escape Essay I stood shaking outside the room, slowly I shuffled through the door and felt thirty pairs of eyes fix on me. Too nervous to glance round my new registration class, I concentrated on staring at the blue carpet below me embedded with chewing gum. Raising my head slightly I saw the teacher at the front of the class pointing towards an empty seat in the front row, as an indication for me to sit down. Not wanting to disturb anyone I sat in silence lost for words. A few girls in my classes showed me around for a while but I soon found a group of people who I settled with really well. I could be myself more openly and the whole group were excited to have a new member. Two of the girls in this gang became my best friends but at first I didnt quite realise just how much they would affect my life. English, Period Two on a Friday. That was our period in the library. I sat as usual with my two new best friends, Rozi and Elaine. We sat and talked for most of the class, swapping secrets and stories, by the end of the class I felt as though our friendship really would last. Rozi and Elaine had previously been best friends but upon my arrival, we instantly became a trio. At first I was closer to Rozi because she was louder and more risky than Elaine. She was always hyper whereas Elaine seemed more relaxed and was much more quieter. Elaine had an unbelievably good skill for listening but Rozi was more like memuch better at talking! The three of us became inseparable, close like sisters, joined at the hip as my mum called us. We arranged to meet on weeknights and weekends constantly. Our phone bills rocketed and I nearly drove my parents insane. We spent more time with each other than we did doing anything else. We rarely met up with other friends, we were happy, just the three of us. So where was the need for others? As time went on my happiness with this friendship seemed to good to continue just as easy, unfortunately I was right. Weeks later, gossip was flying. Apparently Rozi and I were datingeach other! That was such a shock to more people than we thought. I vividly recall us sitting giggling together in our R.E class, and all we could hear from the populars behind us was lezzy, lezzy! The rumours about us were everywhere. Our school, other schools, life was a nightmare. We stayed strong friends but the abuse was unthinkable. The three of us despaired at the thought of school every day. Each night I sat alone in the darkness of my room, huddled in a corner, wishing my life would end. I could see no other option. There was no escape. In 6 small months my life had become a living hell. There was only a few weeks left until half  term when I took drastic action to end it all Opening my eyes, I realised I was in hospital. Numerous tubes through my arms and having a drip attached to me, told me things werent over. A nurse was soon by my side, assuring me I was going to be okay. My attempt hadnt quite been strong enough to kill me but certainly knocked me out for a few days. Returning to school a week later, I dreaded the response. What I didnt expect was the majority of my year rushing up to me, flooding me with apologies. A few girls who had been considerably worse than others were crying and looked generally upset because they hadnt realised how much rumours could affect people. Two years on, Im still good friends with Elaine and Rozi. We no longer see each other as much, which is sad but we each have our different sets of friends who mean just as much to us. .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce , .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .postImageUrl , .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce , .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce:hover , .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce:visited , .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce:active { border:0!important; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce:active , .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uf917dc6d789ba6d0e5d6676a033904ce:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Literary Analysis: The Storm EssayThe stuff that had been said about us no longer exists, even in whisper. Casting a thought back makes me realise how a few people can turn one lie into a massive rumour, affecting peoples lives so much that they really feel there is no escape.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Tiger Woods Essays (777 words) - Tiger Woods, Earl Woods, Tiger

Tiger Woods Biography of Tiger Woods Let your clubs speak for you. Tiger Woods was too young to notice the racism around him. He didn't understand that in this world, people were judged by the color of their skin. He couldn't speak out about it; he couldn't voice his opinions, or come up with possible solutions because he was too young. Tiger faced many racial ordeals throughout his life, mainly because he was half-Thai and half-black. He broke into the sport of golf as one of the youngest. He not only wanted to be the best black golfer; he wanted to be the b est golfer. The only way Tiger dealt with racism was to let his clubs do all the talking for him. The book starts off with Earl Woods, Tiger's father, during the Vietnam War. A sniper almost took out Earl but his friend saved him. Later on that day, he gets in a predicament with a bamboo viper, and once again, his friend saves him. The friend's name was Nguyen Phong, and he was good in combat; he was a tiger in combat. Nguyen Phong had the nickname of Tiger. Earl vowed that if he ever had an o ther son, he would call him Tiger. After the war, back in the United States, Earl met a Thai woman named Kultida and he married her and had a son. They named the baby Eldrick, but Earl called him Tiger. Tiger Woods took interest in golf at a young age. He would watch from his crib as his father would practice his swing. He began playing golf since before he could walk. When he got a few years older, he began to compete in the Junior Nationals tournaments against older boys. He didn't hav e the strength to drive the ball far, but he had skill; he was blessed. Earl made Tiger some miniature clubs out of his old ones and from that moment on, he was obsessed with the sport. The way that Tiger played, it was no longer a sport, it became an art. With every hole he played, his game progressed to a whole new level. As Tiger grew older, he still played tournaments and racked up his victories, he even played for Harvard's golf team. Harvard was interested in having him play for them sinc e an early age. Later on in his career, he started to show that he wasn't perfect. He showed that he too made mistakes and was just like everybody else.The author of the book definitely knows a lot about Tiger. He got a lot of information for the book directly from Kultida and Earl Woods. John Strege wanted others to get to know Tiger. He wrote this book to show how Tiger got to be where he is now. The book starts off with how Tiger got the name Tiger. It was obvious that the author admired Tig e r. I really liked this book because I did not know where Tiger got his name. It was interesting to read about how Earl Woods vowed to call his next son Tiger to repay his friend Nguyen Phong for saving his life. I am not one to take interest in golf but this book was exciting. I liked reading about how Tiger started at a really young age and practiced everyday to perfect his game. Tiger is a good example of that if you put your mind to something, if you try hard enough, and focus all your atte n tion on something, you can do it; that right there you can apply to all aspects of life, not just golf or any other sport. I thought that this book was going to be boring because golf is boring, but I was really interested in reading details about all these tournaments that Tiger played in. I felt as if I was really there watching Tiger play golf. I don't think that there was anything wrong with this book; I didn't dislike anything about it. I think the reason why I didn't find anything wrong w ith this book was that this book is a biography and you can't really change the story too much because it is about someone's life. If I could have changed a part of the book, I would probably have added what Tiger feels about racism now that he is older, instead of just reading Let your clubs speak for you time and time again throughout the book. It would have been interesting to read how the racism affected him. I recommend this